- (1861-1942)industrialist; famous for applying socialism in the workplace. Born in Ulm, he studied precision-tool manufacturing; during extensive travels he became familiar with English socialism. In 1886 he founded the Werkstatte fur Feinmechanik und Elektrotechnik (Workshop for Precision Mechanics and Electrical Engineering), a Stuttgart firm specializing in electrical ignition systems. A friend of Karl Kautsky, leader of the SPD, he revolutionized his factory in 1906 by introducing Germany's first eight-hour workday. With their forty-eight-hour workweek, his 580 workers matched the earnings of coun-terparts at other factories, whether they were working for hourly wages or by the piece.Bosch, an uncle of the well-known industrial chemist Carl Bosch,* preached compromise before confrontation. Although he was supportive of the Republic, he formed no political attachment and rejected a 1919 offer to become Recon-struction Minister. He held memberships on Wurttemberg's Socialization Com-mission and the National Economic Council* and also sat on the presidium of RdI. To preclude further radicalization, he promoted both the eight-hour work-day and creation of Workers' Councils* for industry. In 1929 he was one of two industrialists (the other was Hermann Bücher of AEG) to sign a protest condemning the plebiscite against the Young Plan.* His industrial standing did not dilute his progressive vision, an anomaly in Germany. The near-monopoly position of his firm was owed to the quality of its product. At the end of the 1920s, buoyed by his company's finances, he diversified in the face of an eco-nomic slump. Amidst the depression* he defended free enterprise against a growing protectionist disposition. Moreover, to alleviate unemployment, he rec-ommended shortening the workday to six hours.A liberal and individualist—he hoped to achieve an understanding with France—Bosch opposed Nazism. When he was invited in February 1933 to meet Hitler* at the home of Hermann Goring,* he politely declined. The Third Reich s most prominent industrial dissenter, he regularly hired people dismissed by other firms due to race or political opinion. When Carl Goerdeler* was relieved in 1937 as Oberburgermeister of Leipzig, Bosch made him his financial advisor. Until his death, he facilitated the escape of Jews* from Germany.REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Heuss, Robert Bosch; Turner, German Big Business.
A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. C. Paul Vincent.
Look at other dictionaries:
Bosch, Robert — ▪ German engineer in full Robert August Bosch born Sept. 23, 1861, Albeck, near Ulm, Württemberg [Germany] died March 9, 1942, Stuttgart, Ger. German engineer and industrialist who was responsible for the invention of the spark plug and… … Universalium
Bosch, Robert August — SUBJECT AREA: Automotive engineering, Steam and internal combustion engines [br] b. 23 September 1861 Albeck, near Ulm, Germany d. 9 March 1942 Stuttgart, Germany [br] German engineer, industrialist and pioneer of internal combustion engine… … Biographical history of technology
Robert Bosch — im Alter von 27 Jahren … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Bosch (Unternehmen) — Robert Bosch GmbH Unternehmensform GmbH Gründung 1886 Unternehmenssitz … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Bosch Industrietreuhand KG — Robert Bosch GmbH Unternehmensform GmbH Gründung 1886 Unternehmenssitz … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert Bosch — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Bosch Robert Bosch a la edad de 27 … Wikipedia Español
Robert-Bosch-Stiftung — Logo der Robert Bosch Stiftung Die Robert Bosch Stiftung GmbH (kurz: RBSG) ist eine Kapitalgesellschaft in der Form einer GmbH, deren Ziel die Verwirklichung gemeinnütziger und sozialer Bestrebungen ist. Die Gesellschaft trägt nur in ihrem Namen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Robert-Bosch-Berufskolleg — Vorlage:Coordinate/Wartung/Schule Robert Bosch Berufskolleg der Stadt Dortmund Schultyp Berufskolleg Gründung 1846 Ort Dortmund Bundesland Nordrhein Westfalen Schüler ca. 2700 Lehrer ca. 95 Website … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bosch GmbH — ▪ German corporation in full Robert Bosch GmbH, German company that is Europe s largest auto parts manufacturer and one of the world s leading makers of auto ignition, fuel injection, and antilock braking systems. The company also… … Universalium
Robert Bosch GmbH — Rechtsform GmbH Gründung 1886 Sitz Gerlinge … Deutsch Wikipedia